Phonics & Reading
Key Stage 1 Phonics and Reading Scheme Details.
We use the Read Write Inc. programme in school as a whole school approach for Key Stage 1.
Read Write Inc. programmes provide a systematic approach to literacy, covering the teaching of reading, writing, spelling and comprehension.
Read Write Inc. Phonics is underpinned by the ‘Simple View of Reading.’ It teaches children how to understand written language and how to decode it.
A key element of the Read Write Inc. approach is that practice across the school is completely consistent. This is achieved because the headteacher, all the teachers and teaching assistants, from the Foundation Stage to Year 6, are trained to teach reading. This means that everyone has a shared understanding of the ‘Simple View of Reading’, how letters and sounds in English are related (the alphabetic code), and how to teach all children to read and write.
All the children are grouped, across the school, in terms of their reading ability. This means that they are reading at their own level, every day. The more homogeneous the group, the more focused the teaching can be in terms of children’s progress. Children who are progressing faster or more slowly than their peers move quickly to another group. Children who continue to struggle have one-to-one tutoring (starting from the Foundation Stage 2 year), so that they catch up again as soon as possible. Children who have special educational needs are supported, for however long it takes, until they can read.
The alphabetic code is taught first and firmly embedded. The children rapidly learn sounds and the letter or groups of letters they need to represent those sounds. Simple and enjoyable mnemonics help all children to grasp this quickly, especially those who are at risk of making slower progress or those who are new to learning English. This learning is taught and consolidated every day. High-frequency words that are not phonically regular are taught as ‘tricky’ words and practised frequently. Well-written, lively phonic books are closely matched to children’s increasing knowledge of phonics and ‘tricky’ words, so that, early on, they experience plenty of success. Repeated readings of the texts support their increasingly fluent decoding. Discussion of each story helps children both to understand what they are reading and to build up their knowledge of how texts work.
As with reading, the alphabetic code is embedded first, so that children can write simple consonant-vowel-consonant words early on and build on their success. The children write every day, rehearsing what they want to say orally and composing, sentence by sentence, until they are confident to write independently. They write at the level of their spelling knowledge, that is, they use their knowledge of the alphabetic code and the ‘tricky’ words they have learnt. In every lesson, they are rapidly building up their knowledge, so that they are soon able to spell more complex words confidently, accurately and fluently. The children can use adventurous vocabulary in their writing because they have encountered such language in their reading and they have talked about what the words mean.
Why it works…
Read Write Inc. combines 5 clear steps to ensure real success in literacy:
- A systematic and dynamic whole-school approach
- High quality literacy teaching
- Inspiring whole-school literacy training
- Effective assessment and grouping
- Keeps parents fully supportive
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